Age: 82 (1819-1901)Queen Victoria, known as the matriarch of European royalty, had hemophilia, a blood clotting disorder. Though she managed to avoid most serious side effects of the disease throughout her lengthy lifetime, the ancestors who brought it with them to royal houses throughout Europe were not so fortunate. Typically, hemophilia is acquired by women through both parents's genes and would have had nothing to do with the fact that Queen Victoria was married to her first cousin, the prince Albert.
However, historians have disputed whether or not the queen's father — Edward, the Duke of Kent — was in fact her biological one. Five of Queen Victoria's grandchildren and one of her own children died from hemophiliac complications, and as her lineage spread throughout royal houses in seemingly every European country, hemophilia continued to afflict them for decades — including possibly launching WWI as well as causing the murder of the Romanovs.
Birthplace: Kensington Palace, London, United Kingdom
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